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Sandy Lake/Stoneboro
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Advanced Life Support

Advanced life support (ALS) is the level of medical care which is used for patients with life threatening illness or injuries until the patient can be given full medical care at a hospital or trauma center.

Advanced life support is provided by Paramedics in the pre-hospital setting who can use drugs and invasive skills to maintain a patient.

Advanced Life Support (ALS) is used for the management of a number of conditions, such as Cardiac arrest, diabetic emergencies, drug over doses, chocking, drowning as well as traumatic injuries from falls and accidents. 

Advanced life support utilizes medical equipment and consists of many life saving techniques of pre-hospital emergency care:

• Cardiac monitoring
• Cardiac defibrillation
• Transcutaneous pacing
• Intravenous cannulation initiation (IV)
• IV medication administration
• Intraosseous (IO) access and intraosseous infusion
• Surgical cricothyrotomy
• Needle cricothyrotomy
• Needle decompression of tension pneumothorax
• Advanced medication administration through parenteral and enteral routes (IV, IO, PO, PR, ET, SL, topical, and transdermal)
• Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)
• Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) or Pediatric Emergencies for Pre-Hospital Providers (PEPP)
• Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS), Basic Trauma Life Support (BTLS)

Advanced life support units are also used for non-emergency transports when the patient requires trained medical personnel to be present for constant monitoring of life signs, medication administration and possible advanced life saving procedures while enroute from one hospital or trauma center to another.